DSCA leads the broader U.S. security cooperation enterprise in its efforts to train, educate, advise, and equip foreign partners. This has typically been an area of strength for the United States in ensuring U.S. superiority in an era of strategic competition. The Pardee RAND Graduate School (PRGS.edu) is the largest public policy Ph.D. program in the nation and the only program based at an independent public policy research organization—the RAND Corporation. DSCA administers security cooperation programs that support U.S. policy interests and objectives identified by the White House, Department of Defense, and Department of State. Objective: All defense security personnel that are in positions that require ... Security is a mission critical function of the Department of Defense (DoD). Combatant command security cooperation planning could benefit from greater standardization. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors. Theater engagement and theater security cooperation have been part of DOD’s lexicon for well over a decade. To help ensure that limited security cooperation resources are properly directed for greatest effect, the U.S. Department of Defense has highlighted the need to develop security cooperation objectives that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound (SMART). Please enable scripts and reload this page. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2016. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1430.html. Ultimately, security cooperation funds improve the Department’s ability to promote global security McNerney, Michael J., Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, SMART Security Cooperation Objectives: Improving DoD Planning and Guidance. Description of Operations Financed (cont.) DoD defines and validates requirements through the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) and develops technology, produces weapons systems, and provides logistics support though the Defense Acquisition System. Guidance Documents: DoD Directive 5132.03 -- DoD Policy and Responsibilities Relating to Security Cooperation DoD Security Cooperation includes International Armaments Cooperation (IAC) activities as well as the various elements of Security Assistance, including Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Building Partner Capacity (BPC). Combatant commands have different objective hierarchies, and they do not define their terms in the same way. Although most country plan objectives failed the SMART test, country plans overall and other supporting documents showed more-positive results. These objectives include developing specific partner capabilities, building alliances and … OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to create a SMART security cooperation planning system centered around country plans. Contact DSMC-I at the following e-mail address -- InternationalHelp@dau.mil -- if your organization is interested in obtaining Sales and Transfers-related Mission Assistance support. The Military Departments and Defense agencies are responsible for daily operational Creating SMART country objectives is not enough. 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Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Autonomous Vehicles and the Future of Auto Insurance, Command and Control in U.S. Develop and oversee the implementation of defense policies on international cooperation in coordination with U.S. government agencies, foreign governments, and … advance DOD security cooperation objectives. More Our Values The RAND Corporation is a research organization that develops solutions to public policy challenges to help make communities throughout the world safer and more secure, healthier and more prosperous. Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. How might they be revised to better meet the SMART criteria? For the most part, communication of the SMART concept was informal and ad hoc. We determined whether the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)—Security Assistance Accounts (SAA) September 30, 2017, balance sheet was accurate and whether the DSCA and Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) implemented effective controls over financial reporting for the SAAs. The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. The U.S. Department of Defense should incorporate the SMART concept more formally into security cooperation training. The primary source of day-to-day guidance on Security Assistance and BPC policies and practices is the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)-issued Security Assistance Management Manual (eSAMM). Security cooperation is a force multiplier for the Department of Defense, developing and fostering a network of partners and allies, as well as improving the effectiveness of those partnerships. to advance national policies and objectives. Most DoD Security Cooperation policy, organization, and activities (other than IAC) are led and managed by USD(Policy) rather than USD(Acquisition & Sustainment) and USD(Research & Engineering), but many U.S. Government/DoD Security Cooperation activities are implemented through USD(A&S), USD(R&E), and DoD Component acquisition-related IA&E efforts. Security cooperation enables the United States to deepen its global alliances and partnerships in pursuit of common security objectives. Objectives For students to summarize the DoD interactions with international partners, known as Security Cooperation (SC), and recognize the totality of policy, planning, assessment, monitoring, execution, evaluation, and end-use control processes associated with … Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide Mission Assistance support on a space-available basis to DoD Component International Program Organizations (IPOs) and PMOs/IPTs involved in Sales and Transfers efforts. An overarching policy document, nested within DoD policies on acquisition (DoDD 5000.01) and security cooperation (DoDD 5132.03), is needed to articulate the policy objectives of IAC, outline processes that equitably integrate acquisition and international cooperation objectives, and clarify roles and responsibilities for involved stakeholders. How do stakeholders interpret security cooperation guidance, and do they find it sufficiently clear, detailed, and flexible? - Security Cooperation (SC) C1.1.1. e. DoD Security Cooperation is defined in Joint Pub 1-02: All DoD interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote specific US security interests, develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations, and provide US forces with peacetime and contingency access to a host nation. DoD Directive 5132.03 provides DoD-wide policy and describes DoD organizational responsibilities regarding Security Cooperation activities. DoD security cooperation, which includes DoD-administered security assistance programs and international armaments cooperation, will be undertaken to … However, countervailing priorities in the current U.S. administration challenge this formulation. The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) should provide SMART criteria and prioritization guidance to combatant commands and evaluate their performance accordingly. ACQ 101 Lesson 4 Exam (ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT) 1) The Defense Security Cooperation Agency asks a Military Department to engage their acquisition counterparts in allied and friendly nations regarding the potential benefits of acquiring an upgraded U.S. system that could provide additional coalition capability in the region in order to bolster the U.S. influence in the region. is the DoD agency responsible for directing, administering, and providing guidance for the management of the DoD-executed security assistance programs. State Department Role DSCA’s mission is to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy interests by building the capacity of foreign security forces to respond to shared challenges. FMS transactions are implemented through FMS Letters of Offer and Acceptance (LOAs), often referred to as "FMS cases." This report evaluates DoD's effectiveness in developing SMART security cooperation objectives. 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